PPO and POS plans are types of California health insurance plan which have become very popular over the past decade. They are part of the "managed care" wave that swept through the health insurance market during the early 90's which brought some relief to the health care inflation we were facing along with their much maligned accomplice, the HMO. Let's look at the POS and most importantly the PPO style of plan to understand how it works and what benefits it offers.
PPO stands for Preferred Provider Organization. The key term there is "preferred" as it speaks to the entire backbone of the model. Prior to PPO plans, you would basically go to any doctor, have a service provided and the insurance plan would pay according to the benefits. Costs escalated very quickly and the carriers came up with PPO plans. They established very big networks of doctors and hospitals (the providers in PPO) where the providers would discount the rates for various services when a "PPO" member came through the door. For example, if a specific lab was $100, the discounted PPO rate might be $60. In fact, the PPO discount for in-network providers on covered benefits is usually 30-60% less than if you walk in off the street and pay cash (assuming the doctor will even see you without insurance). So what's the benefit to the provider? The carriers promised that by participating in the network, many more customers (us, the insured) would choose them for medical services because of the PPO status (and discount). PPO is essentially a big group discount applied to health care. We've had it at Costco for socks and now we had it for doctor visits and prescriptions.
The POS is just an expanded version of the PPO in that you have the network of preferred providers where you have one set of benefits but you also have a smaller network of really preferred providers for even richer benefits (closer to the level of HMO plans). It's essentially a two tiered benefit structure depending on who you see. The POS plans have largely gone away on the California health insurance market and if they exist, it's only at the Group health level these days. PPO's on the other hand are going no where!
If you look at the market now, the vast majority (almost all) of individual family health insurance plans are PPO now (including the HSA plans). You still have HMO plans available on the group health market but PPO's are very popular and only growing as the market is generally going away from richer benefits (translate as HMO) towards more cost sharing because of medical inflation.
They are a very varied bunch with ranges of
deductibles, office copays, prescription
benefits, and coinsurance percentages.
Consequently, they have a range of premiums as
well which is good for the consumer. The actual
provider networks can run past 50K doctors and
hundreds of hospitals for the major carriers.
Even some of the traditional HMO based carriers
such as Pacificare and Health Net have made the
move aggressively to PPO type of plans when
HMO's came under such intense fire. PPO plans
are generally more flexible in terms of how you
use the plan. You do not choose a primary care
physician up front like with HMO plans. You can
refer yourself out to specialists and your main
concern is that the provider is in the PPO
network. The best way to determine this is to
use our online California PPO provider search
here or just call the office and ask if they are
a participating PPO provider for your carrier of
choice. There can be situations where a
pre-authorization is required so double check
with the carrier for less mainstream or bigger
ticket services. A staple of the PPO style plan
is that you can go to providers not on the
preferred list but you will likely pay quite a
bit more out of pocket if done so in a
non-emergency. For a true emergency, the
carriers generally don't hold you to a network
but always be conservative about the definition
Those are the broad strokes of the PPO and POS plans. You can quote these types of plans below or feel free to ask any questions of us. The California carrier's PPO network strength is very important especially if there are specific doctors and hospitals that you want to have access to so make sure they participate in the plan you're considering.
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